Venezuela turns to India for oil exports as US sanctions bite

Venezuela turns to India for oil exports as US sanctions bite
Two supertankers, Baghdad and Folegandros I, launched late on Monday from Venezuela’s Jose depot carrying cargoes to Indian ports. (File Photo)

Venezuela’s oil exports have slim off and shifted toward India given new US sanctions began Jan 28 as state-run oil association PDVSA seeks to reinstate deliveries to a United States and Europe that were disrupted by remuneration restrictions.

The South American republic is branch a concentration to cash-paying buyers, generally in India, a second-largest patron after a United States, amid US sanctions designed to undercut financial support for Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro. Sanctions are designed to bar Maduro’s entrance to oil income that has helped his supervision sojourn in power.

In a dual weeks given a sanctions were announced, PDVSA has been means to bucket and trade 1.15 million barrels per day (bpd) of wanton and polished products, according to Refinitiv Eikon data. Venezuela was exporting about 1.4 million bpd in a months before sanctions, according to a Eikon data.

Two supertankers, Baghdad and Folegandros I, launched late on Monday from Venezuela’s Jose depot carrying cargoes to Indian ports.

Ship tracking information in Refinitiv showed several other tankers carrying Venezuelan wanton or fuel towards Asia, nonetheless a final destinations of these vessels were not nonetheless clear.

But anticipating business in Asia might be difficult, analysts said, as Washington uses a domestic and financial poke to vigour countries to stay transparent of traffic with PDVSA.

Barclays bank addressed a emanate in a special news on Venezuela, released on Tuesday.

“Considering all a problems that Venezuela faces in delivering oil to other markets and a legal, reputational and financial risks opposed traders or counterparties that do business with it underneath a stream conditions,” a bank wrote, “it seems doubtful that all prolongation can, in brief order, go to other markets.”

US bank Goldman Sachs pronounced in a note on Wednesday that since of a sanctions there was “limited ability for non-US refiners to take on Venezuela’s really complicated crude” over India and China.


Before a sanctions, PDVSA shipped over 500,000 bpd to a United States, a largest money market, followed by India afterwards China, during above and next 300,000 bpd respectively.

Venezuela has sent a oil minister, Manuel Quevedo, to India to remonstrate refiners, including Reliance Industries Ltd and Nayara Energy Ltd, to double their oil purchases.

“We are offered some-more than 300,000” bpd to Indian buyers, Quevedo pronounced on Monday in New Delhi. “We wish to double that amount.”

Reliance is among PDVSA’s categorical cash-paying customers, while Nayara receives Venezuelan oil from one of a largest stakeholders, Russian oil-giant Rosneft. The latter reserve PDVSA oil to Vadinar, India’s second largest refinery, underneath a Rosneft remuneration for loan module that dates to 2014.

Rosneft should be means to continue to accept PDVSA cargoes underneath a oil-for-loans, according to a reading of U.S. sanctions by lawyers and traders. Nayara receives around half of Venezuelan wanton granted to Rosneft, with a residue shipped to Europe, including Rosneft operations in Germany.

According to a trade source tighten both to Rosneft and PDVSA wanton operations, a final load containing fuel oil for a Russian association left Venezuela for Asia on Jan. 30-31, containing around 1 million barrels.

“PDVSA reserve to Rosneft or a subsidiaries in India underneath deals clinched before a sanctions are not descending underneath a sanctions,” pronounced Natalia Abtseshko, conduct of general projects organisation during Moscow law organisation Vegas Lex.


Indian refineries could catch a vast apportionment of those barrels, yet it is still misleading how money sales would be effected but regulating a US or European bank systems after Apr 28, a deadline set by a US Treasury.

Venezuela also is open to trade arrangements with India regulating oil as payment, a oil apportion said, yet Quevedo did not explain how such a complement would work.

Quevedo’s eagerness to trade products for oil suggests a spin might not shortly solve a country’s need for cash-paying business to reinstate U.S. buyers.

About 9 million barrels were stranded final week in tankers watchful for remuneration or liberate instructions, according to Eikon data. Most are anchored in a U.S. Gulf Coast as Venezuelan antithesis personality and self-proclaimed boss Juan Guaido moves to set adult escrow accounts to accept proceeds.